For International Women’s Day, we have updated our charts based on data from the Institut de la statistique du Québec and Statistics Canada.
We start with the good news for women: their increased access to education has meant that for a little less than a decade, they have been completing a higher education degree in a greater proportion than men.
However, regardless of their level of education, they continue to earn less than men.
This gap between women and men with a bachelor’s degree is observed across Canada.
Pay equity laws do not prevent men from earning more than women in almost all sectors of activity in Quebec.
Unlike access to higher education, the wage gap between women and men does not narrow over time.
Still, there are areas where women are ahead.
For example, across Canada, a greater proportion of women than men earn… less than $15 an hour.
Finally, in many rich countries, women work more hours than men (when they are higher on the diagonal) and especially more unpaid hours (domestic tasks, caregiving).